City Palace Jaipur - Tourism Monuments Place in Rajasthan

City Palace  Jaipur: Monument History

The City Palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II at the same time as the city of Jaipur in 1727, when his court moved Amber to Jaipur. Jaipur is the present-day capital of the state of Rajasthan, and until 1949 the City Palace was the ceremonial and administrative seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur. The City Palace complex lies in the heart of Jaipur city. Man Singh II was the last Maharaja of Jaipur to rule from the Chandra Mahal palace in Jaipur. Man Singh II was adopted by Maharaja Madho Singh II. This palace was continued to be a residence of the royal family even after the Jaipur kingdom merged with the Indian Union in 1949 along with other Rajput states of Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Bikaner.

The City Palace was located on the site of a royal hunting lodge on a plain land encircled by a rocky hill range, five miles south of Amber (city). Initially, he ruled from his capital at Amber, which lies at a distance of 11 kilometers (6.8 miles) from Jaipur. Also, the credit goes to Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II for initiating construction of the city complex by building the outer wall of the complex spreading over many acres. He planned Jaipur city in six blocks separated by broad avenues.

Maharaja Ram Singh established himself with the Imperial rulers in revolve 1857. It is to his credit that the city of Jaipur including all of its monuments (including the City Palace Jaipur) are stucco painted with Pink color and since then the city has been called the "Pink City". The pink color scheme has since then become a trademark of the Jaipur city.

The City Palace was also the place of religious and cultural events, as well as a patron of arts, commerce, and industry. It now houses the Maharaja Sawai Man Singh (MSMS) II Museum. The City Palace complex has several buildings, various courtyards, galleries, restaurants, and offices of the Museum Trust. The Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum Trust looks after the Museum, and the royal cenotaphs (known as chhatris).

City Palace  Jaipur:Other Monuments Palace inside 

Entrance gates

The three main entry gates of the City Palace. The first one is The Udai Pol near Jaleb chowk. The second one the Virendra Pol near Jantar Mantar. And, The third one is the Tripolia (three pols or gates). The Tripolia gate is reserved for only the entry of the royal family into the City Palace. Common people and visitors can enter the place complex only through two gates, which are the Udai Pol and the Virendra Pol. The Udai Pol leads to the Sabha Niwas (Diwan-e-Aam). The Virendra Pol leads to the Mubarak Mahal courtyard, which in turn is connected to the Sarvato Bhadra (Diwan-e-Khas) through the Rajendra Pol.

Govind Dev Ji temple

Govind Dev Ji temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Lord Krishna. It is part of the City Palace complex. God Lord Krishna related to Mahabharta of Hindus.

Sabha Niwas (Diwan-e-Aam)

It is the Sabha Niwas, which is a hall of the public audience. It built on the Diwan-e-Aam. It has multiple cusped arches supported by marble columns and a beautifully painted plaster ceiling. The jalis on the southern end of the hall would have been used by women to oversee the proceedings in the hall, and facilitated their involvement in the outside world, while following the purdah.

Sarvato Bhadra (Diwan-e-Khas)

The Sarvato Bhadra is the Sabha Niwas, which is a hall of the private audience. It built on the Diwan-e-Khas. The Sarvato Bhadra is a unique architectural feature. It has traditionally been used for important private functions like the coronation rituals of the Maharajas of Jaipur. Today, it continues to be used for royal festivals and celebrations like Dusshera.

There are two huge sterling silver vessels of 1.6 meters (5.2 ft) height and weighing around 340 kilograms. They have each capacity of 4000 liters water. They were made from 14,000 melted silver coins without soldering. They hold the Guinness World Record as the world's largest sterling silver vessels. These vessels were specially commissioned by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II to carry the water of the Ganges to drink. Hence, the vessels are named as Gangajalis (Ganges-water urns).

The Clock Tower

The clock tower is located to the south of the Sabha Niwas. It is a sign of European influence in the Rajput court as the clock was installed in a pre-existing tower in 1873.

Mubarak Mahal

The Mubarak Mahal courtyard at the City Palace was fully developed as late as 1900 and also built the Rajendra Pol around the same time as the Mubarak Mahal.

Pritam Niwas Chowk

It is the inner courtyard, which provides access to the Chandra Mahal. Here, there are four small gates (known as Ridhi Sidhi Pol) that are adorned with themes representing the four seasons and Hindu gods.

Chandra Mahal

Chandra Mahal is one of the oldest buildings in the City Palace complex. It has seven floors, a number considered auspicious by Rajput rulers. The first two floors consist of the Sukh Niwas (the house of pleasure), followed by the Rang Mahal (Shobha Niwas) with colored glasswork, then Chhavi Niwas with its blue and white decorations. The last two floors are the Shri Niwas, and Mukut Mandir which is literally the crowning pavilion of this palace. The Mukut Mandir, with a bangaldar roof, has the royal standard of Jaipur hoisted at all times, as well as a quarter flag (underscoring the Sawai in the title) when the Maharaja is in residence.


City Palace  Jaipur: Other Tourist Attraction Monuments Jaipur



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