Jaigarh Fort Amer Jaipur - Tourist Attraction Place Jaipur Rajasthan

Jaigarh Fort Amer Jaipur: Monument History

The Jaigarh fort was built by Jai Singh II in 1726 . Jaigarh Fort is situated on the promontory called the Hill of Eagles (Cheel ka Teela) of the Aravalli range; it overlooks the Amer Fort and the Maota Lake, near Amer in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

The fort features a cannon named "Jaivana"(Jaivana Cannon), which was manufactured in the fort precincts and was then the world's largest cannon on wheels. Jaigarh Fort and Amer Fort are connected by subterranean passages.

Jaigarh Fort Amer Jaipur: Structure 

The fort is highly fortified with thick walls which is built with red sandstone and is spread over a layout plan with a length of 3 kilometres and a width of 1 kilometre. it has an impressive square garden which has 50 metres square of area. Ramparts in each corner are sloping and provide access to the upper level structures. The palaces have court rooms and halls with screened windows. The Aram Mandir and the garden within its courtyard. The northern side of the fort complex, has a triple arched entrance "The Awani Darwaza" which was give to fine views of the Sagar Lake. SAgar Lake is an artificial lake under Jaigarh Fort. There are two temples in the fort one is the Ram Harihar temple of the 10th century and the second one is the Kal Bhairav temple of 12th century vintage.

Most of those cannons were massive, mostly 16 ft long and had to be prepared within a single day. The Rajput also built a large ingenious mechanical device that had a precision gear system driven by four pairs of oxen, the device was used for hollowing out the cannon barrels. When the Mughal war of succession broke out in 1658 Dara Shikoh secured the cannon outpost of Jaigarh Fort until he was defeated and executed by his younger brother Aurangzeb. Later however, the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah appointed Jai Singh II as the official Mughal quiladar of Jaigarh Fort according to a Firman, ultimately Jai Singh II is known to have molded the great Jaivana Cannon by utilizing the important foundry and devices inside Jaigarh Fort.

Jaigarh Fort Amer Jaipur: Cannon foundry

During the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, Jaigarh Fort Amer became one of the world's most efficient cannon foundries mainly due to the abundance of iron ore mines in the vicinity of the fort. The cannon foundry Jaigarh Fort had a massive wind tunnel that sucked air from the high mountains into its furnace creating temperatures as high as 2,400 °F (1,320 °C), the heated air would melt the metal.


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