Red Fort Delhi -The Historical Monuments Places Lal Qila Delhi Fort Tourism


delhi red fort front view enters of kila


Red Fort (Lal Quila) Delhi: Overview

The Red Fort is a historical fort in the old Delhi area know as mughal Castle. It was the main capital of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty. It is Built by  the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the year 1639  as a result of a capital shift from Agra to Delhi. you can visit this tourist attraction well known for its combination of Persian and Mughal architecture, beauty, and historical significance. the Red Fort is named for its massive use of red sandstone for building fort's walls. It was nominated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007 as part of the Red Fort Complex.

In addition to accommodating the mughal emperors and their households, it was the residential, ceremonial and political centre of the Mughal dynasty. Today, this monument is home to several museums and attractive place for tourism Delhi. Also, It is apart of the ceremonial and political centre of Indian Governments. that have an assortment of precious artifacts on display. Every year, the Indian Prime Minister unfurls the national flag here on the Independence and Republic Day. also Indian PM giving his ceremonial speech at the Red Fort.

The entirered fort complex is said to represent the architectural creativity and brilliance of Mughal architecture. The Archaeological Survey of India(ASI) is at present responsible for the security, renovation and preservation of this magnificent monument.

Red Fort Delhi: Light and Sound Show

Red Fort is visited by many tourists for the significant historical monuments relevance that it holds. But other than the red sandstone walls and the mighty building of the medieval times Mughal Emperors, there is another attraction that brings the tourists to the Blessed Fort - Light and Sound Show.

The show is held every evening except Monday evening, is a one hour fest of lights and sounds which takes place inside the premises of the Fort. There's the best way to learn about the history of the Fort. The shows are both in English and Hindi Language at different timings:

Red Fort Show in Hindi - 7:30 PM - 8:30 PM

Red Fort Show in English - 9:00 PM - 10:00 PM

Red Fort Delhi: Best Time To Visit

The best time to visit this Red Fort Complex is during the months of September- March, when the weather is pleasant. The Red Fort remains closed on Sundays and any Government Holiday.

Red Fort Delhi: Explore Places inside

Combining features of Indian, Persian and Timurid forms of architecture, the Red Fort is truly a monument par excellence. The Delhi Fort has an area of 254.67 acres (103.06 ha) enclosed by 2.41 kilometres (1.50 mi) of defensive red sandstone walls, punctuated by turrets and bastions that vary in 18 metres (59 ft) height on the city side and  on the river side to 33 metres (108 ft). The structure of the Red fort is octagonal, with the north–south axis longer than the east–west axis, and it has several gates, the prominent ones being Lahori gate, Ajmeri gate, Kashmiri gate, Mori gate, Turkman gate and Delhi gates.. Red Fort's floral decorated with marble and the fort's double domes exemplify later Mughal Architecture. 

The Red Fort Delhi have many houses several structures inside its premises. We will give brief overview of some house several structures of Red fort.

Red Fort Delhi: Lahori Gate

The Lahori Gate is the main gate to the Red Fort Delhi, named for its orientation towards the city of Lahore, Pakistan. During Aurangzeb's reign, the beauty of the gate was spoiled by the addition of bastions, which Shah Jahan described as "a veil drawn across the face of a beautiful woman". Every Indian Independence Day since 1947, the national flag is unfurled and the prime minister makes a speech from its  ramparts.

Red Fort Delhi: Delhi Gate

The Delhi Gate is the southern public entrance in The Red Fort(Lal Qila) and is similar in layout and appearance to the Lahori Gate. Two life-size elephants build with stone on either side of the gate face each other.

Red Fort Delhi: Chhatta Chowk

Inside of the Lahori Gate is the Chhatta Chowk (or Meena Bazaar) is this market of Red Fort, where you can purchase silk, jewellery and other items for the imperial household. Where sold items during the Mughal period. This market was earlier known as Bazaar-i-Musaqqaf or Chhatta-bazaar (a roofed market). but now as Meena Bazaar at Red Fort Delhi. The main entrance portal of the Red Fort is Lahori Gate, leads into an open outer court, where it crosses the large north-south street which originally divided the fort in toe part, the fort's military functions (to the west) from the palaces (to the east) of Red Fort.  Delhi Gate is located The southern end of the street.

Red Fort Delhi: Naubat Khana

Naubat Khana is Located, The vaulted arcade of the Chhatta Chowk ends in the center of the outer court, which measured 540x360 feet (160×110 m). The side arcades and central tank were destroyed after the 1857 revolution.

In the east wall of the court stands the now-isolated Naubat Khana (meaning "The Waiting Hall" also known as Nakkar Khana), the drum house. Music was played daily, at scheduled times and everyone, except royalty, were required to dismount.

Later Mughal kings Jahandar Shah (1712-13) and Farrukhsiyar (1713-19) are said to have been murdered here. The Indian War Memorial Museum is located on the second floor.

Diwan-i-Aam

The inner main court to which the Nakkar Khana led was 540 feet (160 m) wide and 420 feet (130 m) deep, surrounded by guarded galleries. On the far side is the Diwan-i-Aam, the Public Audience Hall. This was a place for the official affairs of commoners who sought after legal matters such as tax issues, hereditary complications, and OuQhaf (in Islam, when a person leaves a piece of land for the charitable uses for the common good usage such as schools, libraries, hospitals etc. and no one can ever buy or sell this building ever again. It remains belonging to serve that purpose fore ever).

The hall's columns and engrailed arches exhibit fine craftsmanship, and the hall was originally decorated with white chunam stucco. In the back in the raised recess the emperor gave his audience in the marble balcony (jharokha).

The Diwan-i-Aam was also used for state functions.The courtyard (mardana) behind it leads to the imperial apartments.

Diwan-i-Khas

Diwan means "The Official Hall", Khas means "Special guests" and Aam means "the common people". So this was a building for the official affairs and requests of the royal family. A gate on the north side of the Diwan-i-Aam leads to the secret court of the palace (Jalau Khana) and the Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience). It is constructed of white marble, inlaid with sumptuous stones. The once-silver ceiling has been restored in wood.

Hayat Bakhsh Bagh

The Hayat Bakhsh Bagh means the "Life-Bestowing Garden" in the northeast part of the complex. It features a reservoir, which is now dry, and channels through which the Nahr-i-Bihisht flows. At each end is a white marble pavilion, called the Sawan and Bhadon Pavilions, Hindu months, Sawan and Bhadon. In the center of the reservoir is the red-sandstone Zafar Mahal, added in around 1842 by Bahadur Shah Zafar.

Smaller gardens (such as the Mehtab Bagh or Moonlight Garden) existed west of it, but were destroyed when the British barracks were built. There are plans to restore the gardens. Beyond these, the road to the north leads to an arched bridge and the Salimgarh Fort.

Princes' quarter

To the north of the Hayat Bakhsh Bagh and the Shahi Burj is the quarter of the imperial princes. This was used by member of the Mughal royal family and was largely destroyed by the British forces after the 1857 revolution. One of the palaces was converted into a tea house for the soldiers.

Hira Mahal

The Hira Mahal ("Diamond Palace") is a pavilion on the southern edge of the Red fort, built under Bahadur Shah II and at the end of the Hayat Bakhsh garden. The Moti Mahal on the northern edge, a twin building, was destroyed during (or after) the 1857 revolution. The Shahi Burj was the emperor's main study; its name means "Emperor's Tower", and it originally had a chhatri on top. Heavily damaged, the tower is undergoing reconstruction. In front of it is a marble pavilion added by Aurangzeb.

Baoli

The baoli (step-well), believed to pre-date the Red Fort, is one of the few monuments that were not demolished by the British after the Indian revolution of 1857. The chambers within the baoli were converted into a prison. During the  Red Fort Trials (Indian National Army Trials) in 1945–46, it housed Indian National Army officers Colonel Shah Nawaz Khan, Colonel Prem Kumar Sahgal, and Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon. The Red Fort Baoli is uniquely designed with two sets of staircases leading down to the well.

Hammam

The hammam were the imperial baths, consisting of three domed rooms with white marble patterned floors.

Moti Masjid

West of the hammam is the Moti Masjid, the Pearl Mosque. A later addition, it was built in 1659 as a private mosque for Aurangzeb. It is a small, three-domed mosque carved in white marble, with a three-arched screen leading down to the courtyard.

Mumtaz Mahal

The two southernmost pavilions of the palace are women's quarters (zenanas), consisting of the Mumtaz Mahal built for Arjumand Banu Begum chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and the larger Rang Mahal a resort for royal women. The Mumtaz Mahal houses the Red Fort Archaeological Museum.

Rang Mahal

The Rang Mahal housed the emperor's wives and mistresses. Its name means "Palace of Colours", since it was brightly painted and decorated with a mosaic of mirrors. The central marble pool is fed by the Nahr-i-Bihisht.

Khas Mahal

The Khas Mahal was the mughal emperor's apartment. It was cooled by the Nahr-i-Bihisht. Connected to it is the Muthamman Burj, an octagonal tower where he appeared before the people waiting on the riverbank. This was done by most kings at the time.

Nahr-i-Bihisht

The imperial apartments consist of a row of pavilions on a raised platform to overlooking the Yamuna river, along the eastern edge of the fort, The pavilions are connected by a canal, known as the Nahr-i-Bihisht ("Stream of Paradise"), running through the center of each pavilion. Water is drawn from the Yamuna via a tower. It name the Shahi Burj, at the northeast corner of the fort. In the riverbed below the imperial apartments and connected buildings was a space known as zer-jharokha ("beneath the latticework").

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