Bhatner Fort Hanumangarh - Tourist Attraction Place Rajasthan


Bhatner Fort Built by Bhupat, son of king Bhati of Jaisalmer in 253 CE. The ancient Bhatner fort is situated on the bank of Ghaggar River at Hanumangarh in Rajasthan, India. The ancient name of Hanumangarh was Bhatner  which means "fortress of the Bhati". This Monument is considered to be one of the oldest forts of India more than 1700 years old.

After losing a war King Bhupat took shelter in the jungle around the Ghaggar River. There he built a safe castle for himself which came to be known as Bhatner Fort. The entire fort is built of bricks, covering an area of 52 bighas. It is in the shape of a parallelogram, with a dozen bastions on each side. Painted Grey Ware (circa 1100-800 BCE) and Rang-Mahal Ware (1st-3rd century CE) have been found in wells situated along the wall.

In the middle of the thirteenth century CE, Sher Shah Suri (nephew of Balban King of  Sultan Delhi) was governor in these parts of the country. He is  repaired to the forts of Bhatinda and Bhatner. Bhatner was captured by Timur by defeating Bhatti King Rao Doolchand in 1391. A mention has been made in "Tuzuk-e-Timuri" about this fort and he stated this fort one of the strongest and secured fort of India. Even Mughal Emperor Akbar described his fortification in his book "Ain-I-Akbari". Subsequently, the fort appears to have been held by Bhatis, Johiyas and Chayals until 1527 when it was taken by Rao Jet Singh of Bikaner. After that, it came twice under Mughal control as well, in addition to being the possession of the royal families of Chayal and Bikaner. Researchers believe that famous Tarain war fought between Mohammad gouri and Prithviraj Chauhan is the present Talwara Jheel area of the district. This fort stands in the path of invasion of India from Central Asia and had acted as a strong barricade against the attack of enemies. Finally in the year of 1805, it was captured by Emperor Soorat Singh of Bikaner and remained with it till the formation of Rajasthan. Since the day of victory was Tuesday (known as day of Hindu God Hanuman), so he named Bhatner as Hanumangarh.



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