Jalore Fort Jalore - Tourist Attraction Place Rajasthan





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Jalore Fort : History

Jalore Fort was built by Legendary Chouhan Ruler of Jalore Rao Kanhad Dev Chouhan. The precise year of its construction is not known. However, It is believed to be have been built around the 8th centuries. This Monument is the main attraction of Jalore Rajasthan. It is one of the most famous and impressive forts in the state and has been known through history as the Sonagir or the "golden mount".

Jalore Fort : Structure

Jalore fort is perched atop a steep and perpendicular hill. It commands the town from rocky outcrop 336m (1200 ft) high fortified with a wall and bastions with cannon mounted upon them.

The fort has four gigantic gates however it is approachable only from one side, after a two-mile (3 km) long serpentine ascent. The approach to the fort is from the north, up a steep, slippery road through three rows of fortification to a single rampart wall 6.1m (20ft) high. It takes an hour to climb up. The fort is built on the lines of traditional Hindu architecture.

Jalore Fort: The Main Poles or Gates

Built into the front wall are four mighty gates or pols that lead into the fort: The Suraj Pol, Dhruv Pol, Chand Pol and the Sire Pol. The Suraj Pol or the "Sun gate" is built so that the first rays of the morning sun enter through this gateway. It is an impressive gate with a small watch tower built over it. The Dhruv Pol is rather simple looking compared to Suraj Pol.

Jalore Fort: Attractions inside the Fort

The Royal mahal (the royal residential palace) inside the fort is now desolated. What is left of it are the ruined symmetrical walls with huge rock formations around it. The cut-stone walls of the fort are still intact at many places. There are some water tanks in the fort.

Jalore Fort: Hindu Temples

It have some temple inside the fort boundary. A temple devoted inside of this fort to Lord Shiva, which was built by Kanhaddev Ruler of Jalore. This Temple was renovated by Mah Singh Ruler of Jodhpur. Also, He is built a Samadhi Mandir of Shri Jalandharnath. Recently this temple again renovated by Shri Santinathji Maharaj in 2005 with all facility for devotees.One other temple triple temple, Whic is dedicated to Amba Mata, Ashapuri and Hanuman is also located within the fort premises.

Jalore Fort: The Islamic Mosques

The Kila Masjid (Fort Mosque) within the fort is also noteworthy as they demonstrate the widespread influence of the architectural decorations associated with the Gujarati styles of the period (i.e. late 16th century). This is because it was built by destroying existing Hindu temple.

Another shrine in the fort is that of Saint Rehmad Ali Baba. Near the main gate, there is the tomb of Malik Shah, a noted Mohammedan saint.

Jalore Fort: The Jain Temples

Jalore is also a place of pilgrimage for Jains and the famous Jain temples of Adinath, Mahavira, Parshvnath and Shantinath are located here.

The oldest temple is that of Adinath, which existed as far back as in the 8th century. The mandapa was subsequently built in 1182 A.D. by Yasovira, a Srimali vaishya. The temple stands out the most among the dark fort walls and rocky surrounding. Built in white marble this imposing structure is quite a sight.

The temple of Parsvanath was built by the ruler of Jalore and then rebuilt in 1785 A.D. This temple has a spectacular toran or an archway and a golden "cupola" in the hall meant for theatre performances. Built near the Bal Pol, which is situated northwest of the fort.

The temple of Mahavira was also known as Chandanavihara Nahadarao, named after a Pratihara ruler and a hero of Jain tradition who built it in the 14th century.

The temples of Santinatha and the Ashtapads are believed to have existed in the 13th century.



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