Junagarh Fort Bikaner - Tourist Attraction Place Rajasthan

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: History

Junagrarh Fort was built by the famous Raja Rai Singh in 1594. This Monument Fort is located in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. The Junagarh fort was originally called Chintamani. But, It was renamed Junagarh or "Old Fort" in the early 20th century when the ruling family moved to another spot Lalgarh Palace outside the fort's area.

It is one of the few major forts which is not situated on the top of Hill. The modern city of Bikaner has developed around the fort. The Junagarh Fort was built outside the original fort of the Bikaner city (the first fort built by Maharaja Rao Bikaji) and about 1.5 kilometres from the city centre. Some ancient remnants of the old fort are preserved near the Lakshmi Narayan temple Bikaner.

The ancient Monument of Junagard Fort was Constructed in 5.28 hectares land with many attractive place inside of this fort such as palaces of royal, temples and pavilions. These buildings depict a composite culture, manifest in the mix of architectural styles and a unique centre of art, amidst the Thar desert.

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: All Mahal inside Palace

The structures built within the Junagarh fort are the palaces and temples, which are made of red sandstone (Dulmera) and marble. The palaces are described as picturesque with their assortment of courtyards, balconies, kiosks and windows. The fort, the temples and the palaces are preserved as museums and provide insight into the grandiose living style of the past Maharanas of Rajasthan. The fort is called "a paradox between medieval military architecture and beautiful interior decoration".

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: Karan Mahal

Karan Mahal was built by Karan Singh in 1680 to mark his victory over the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. It was used as Public Audience Hall to meets his people in the public. It is considered as one of the most exquisite palaces built with gardens, which displays the aesthetic sensibilities of the royalty of Rajasthan. It has stained glass windows and intricately carved balconies built in stone and wood fluted columns. Later rulers added more floors and decorations to this Mahal. Anup Singh, and Surat Singh, also added a lot of glitter to this palace with inlaid polychrome glass, intricate mirror patterns, and red and gold paint. In the coronation chamber, there is a shored up alcove, which was used as a throne.

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: Phool Mahal

Phool Mahal ("Flower Palace") is the oldest part of the palace. It was built by king Raja Rai Singh of Bikaner, who ruled between 1571-1668.Also attached Jhoola inside the Phool Mahal by Rai Singh.

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: Anup Mahal

Anup mahal was built by Anup Singh, King Of Bikaner. Anup Mahal is a multi-storey building and also biggest palace inside Junagard Fort. It was functioned as the administrative headquarters of the kingdom. It has ornate wooden ceilings with inlaid mirrors, Italian tiles, and fine lattice windows and balconies. It has some gold leaf paintings. It is considered as one of the "grandest construction". He made substantial additions to the fort complex, with new palaces and the Zenana quarter (royal dwelling for females). He refurbished the Karan Mahal with a Diwan-i-Am (public audience hall).

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: Chandra Mahal

Chandra Mahal has the most luxurious room in the palace, which houses gold plated deities and paintings inlaid with precious stones. In the royal bedroom, mirrors have been strategically placed so that the Maharaja could see from his bed to any intruder entering his room. The Chandra Mahal (the Moon palace) refurbished by Gaj Singh who ruled from 1746 to 1787.

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: Badal Mahal

Badal Mahal (The weather palace) was built by Dungar Singh who reigned from 1872 to 1887. It is part of the Anup Mahal extensions. It has paintings of Shekhawati Dundlod chiefs paying respects to the Maharaja of Bikaner in different types of turbans. Photos of people standing on nails, wood, swords and saws are also depicted here – a display of faith and endurance. The walls in this palace depict fresco paintings of the Hindu god Krishna and his consort Radha amidst the rain clouds. Badal Mahal named so in view of a painting of falling rain and clouds (a rare event in arid Bikaner) on the walls.

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: Ganga Mahal

Ganga Mahal was built by Ganga Singh in the 20th century who reigned from 1887 to 1943. which has towers at the entrance patio. It has a large durbar hall known as the Ganga Singh Hall that houses the Museum. The museum has exhibits of war weaponry and also a World War I aeroplane (biplane), which is stated to be well maintained.

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: Bikaneri Havelies

Bikaneri Havelies located both within and outside the fort in the Bikaner city's by lanes are also of unique architectural style in home architecture.


Junagarh Fort Bikaner: Temples

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: Har Mandir Temple

Har Mandir temple was the royal chapel. It's private temple of the royal family. The royal family celebrated the Hindu festival of Dussera and Gangaur here, apart from celebrating other family functions such as birthdays and marriages. In the Dussera celebrations, The royal family worshipped the weapons and horses here. The main deities worshipped in this temple are the Hindu deities Lakshmi Narayan(a combined representation of god Vishnu and his consort Lakshmi).

Junagarh Fort Bikaner: Ratan Behari Temple

The Ratan Behari temple located near the Junagarh Fort, was built by the 18th ruler of Bikaner in 1846. It was built in Indo-Mughal architectural style using white marble. The Hindu god Krishna is deified in this temple.


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